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Julie A. Maupin

PhD (HEI), JD/MA (Yale), Senior Research Fellow

maupin@mpil.de
Tel. +49 (6221) 482-355

Main Fields of Research:

Legal and regulatory implications of blockchains, cryptocurrencies, smart contracts, and other distributed ledger technologies; Theoretical foundations and social impacts of cross-border economic governance regimes (trade, finance, investment, money, banking); Comparative legal approaches to the promotion of human welfare; Positive obligations of states under international law; Public and private international law intersections; International law and social change.

Academic Career:

Dr. Julie Maupin was appointed Senior Researcher at the Max-Planck-Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law in July of 2014.  Prior to joining Max-Planck, Maupin held a lectureship at Duke University School of Law in the United States, where she taught courses on international investment law, international commercial arbitration, and drafting pleadings in international disputes. Along the way she has also taught international trade law, comparative competition law, and public international law at leading universities in Africa and Europe. 

Since turning her attention to blockchain, Maupin has become a sought-after expert in questions concerning the interface of cryptocurrencies, smart contracts, and other distributed ledger technologies with international governance regimes.  In January 2016, she received a senior fellowship from the Centre for International Governance Innovation to support her research into the global opportunities and risks presented by these nascent decentralized technologies.  That research focuses on:

1.  how blockchain technologies can be leveraged to render existing international governance institutions more inclusive, transparent, sustainable, and accountable to all citizens of our global economy (opportunities); and

2.  what new challenges blockchain technologies pose to existing cross-border legal and regulatory regimes and how these challenges might be met (risks).

Maupin’s current and planned projects examine these questions in relation to the World Trade Organization (WTO), the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision, the Financial Action Task Force (FATF), the Paris Agreement on Climate Change, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN), and various EU and UN bodies. 

Dr. Maupin has received notable professional recognition for her work.  In 2017 she was appointed to the external fintech advisory committee to the German Ministry of Finance. In connection with Germany’s 2017 presidency of the G20, she currently sits on the T20 Digital Economy Task Force.  From 2016-2017 she is also serving as Co-Chair of the Annual Meeting of the American Society of International Law.

Dr. Maupin’s educational credentials include a BS in Economics with honors, minor in Psychology, summa cum laude, from the University of Washington in Seattle (US);  a Juris Doctor from Yale Law School and MA in Economics from the Yale Graduate School of Arts & Sciences (US); and a PhD in International Studies, with magna and summa cum laude honors, from the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva (Switzerland). She wrote her doctoral dissertation on “Reconciling Public and Private Rights and Interests in International Investment Law” under the supervision of Prof. Pierre-Marie Dupuy, for whom she also worked as an arbitral law clerk.  Maupin’s early legal training additionally included a judicial clerkship with Justice Kate O’Regan at the Constitutional Court of South Africa.

Languages

English (mother tongue), German (fluent), French (passive fluency), Spanish (basic), Serbo-Croatian (basic)

Publications

Recent

  • Mapping the Global Legal Landscape of Blockchain Technologies. In: Peer-Reviewed Academic Working Paper Series, Centre for International Governance Innovation n/a (2017), forthcoming.
  • The G20 Countries Should Engage with Blockchain Technologies to Build an Inclusive, Transparent, and Accountable Digital Economy for All. In: T20 Policy Insights Brief, 2017.
  • Of Wit, Wisdom, and Balance in International Law: Reflections on the Tokyo Resolution of the Institut de Droit International. In: Practising Virtue, Inside International Arbitration. Oxford University Press, Oxford 2015, 706-722. Download
  • Public and Private in International Investment Law: An Integrated Systems Approach. In: Virginia Journal of International Law 54(2), 367-435 (2014). http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2144019
  • Differentiating Among Investment Disputes. In: Foundations of International Investment Law: Bridging Theory Into Practice. Oxford University Press, Oxford 2014, chapter-15. http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2330353
  • Where Should Europe’s Investment Path Lead? Reflections on August Reinisch, ‘Quo Vadis Europe?’. In: The Law and Politics of Foreign Investment, Symposium Edition. Santa Clara Journal of International Law, vol. 12 2014, 183-222. http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2327842
  • Transparency in International Investment Law: The Good, the Bad and the Murky. In: Transparency in International Law. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge 2013, 142-171. http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2058195
  • MFN-based Jurisdiction in Investor-State Disputes: Is There Any Hope for a Consistent Approach? In: Journal of International Economic Law 14(1), 157-190 (2011). http://jiel.oxfordjournals.org/content/14/1/157.abstract
  • The Awards in Wena Hotels Limited v Arab Republic of Egypt. In: The Reasons Requirement in International Investment Arbitration: Critical Case Studies. Martinus Nijhoff, Leiden 2008, 231-260. http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2065906

Presentations

23 Jan 2017 - 24 Jan 2017

How and Why the G20 Should Engage with Blockchain

Presentation of policy paper to T20 Digital Economy Task Force

London, UK

21 Oct 2016

A Global Regulatory Sandbox for Blockchain Technologies

YLS 06 Scholarship Workshop

Yale Law School, New Haven (United States)

20 Oct 2016

The Rise and Rise of Bitcoin

Expert Talk, Documentary Film Screening, Centre for International Governance Innovation (20 Oct 2016) and Queen's University Faculty of Law (18 Oct 2016)

Centre for International Governance Innovation, Waterloo & Queen's University, Kingston (Ontario, Canada)

20 Oct 2016

What stands between blockchain and its potential?

Keynote for Communitech/Green Brick Labs/Deloitte Conference on Digging Into Blockchain

Kitchener, Ontario (Canada)

29 Sep 2016

Cryptocurrency and Blockchain Technology

Cambridge Centre for Alternative Finance, Annual Conference 2016, Mapping the Landscape of Alternative Finance

University of Cambridge, Judge Business School, UK

08 Sep 2016

Moderator, Business and Regulation of Financial Markets

P2P FiSy 2016: 2nd International Workshop P2P Financial Systems 2016, Opportunities, Risks, Market Dynamics, Regulation

University College, London, Centre for Blockchain Technologies

25 Aug 2016

Debating the pros and cons of the new EU investment court proposal

PluriCourts Conference on "Adjudicating International Trade and Investment Disputes: Between Isolation and Interaction"

Oslo, Norway

30 Jul 2016

How does Blockchain Technology Impact our Social and Economic Environment?

Convoco 3.0 Panel, Convoco Forum 2016

Salzburg, Austria

03 May 2016

Toward global approaches to blockchain legal quandaries

Organizer, CIGI Consensus 2016 Global Law & Policy Working Group Event Group 1: Global Intellectual Property Dilemmas Group 2: Global Anti-Money Laundering & Counter Terrorist Financing Challenges Group 3: Overarching Principles for Transnational Regulatory Engagement

New York, NY

02 May 2016

Forging Pro-Innovation Global Governance Networks for Blockchains

Moderator, CIGI Roundtable, Consensus 2016 Blockchain Conference

New York, NY

22 Oct 2015

Contributions of the European Union to the Development of International Investment Law: An Evaluation (in German)

"TTIP, Democracy, and Public International Law - Political and Legal Dimensions of the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Agreement", Public Discussion sponsored by the Free Democratic Party, Heidelberg Committee

Stadthalle Heidelberg, Kammermusiksaal

17 Oct 2015

Thriving as a Woman in Academia: Comparative Reflections from Both Sides of the Atlantic

Annual Carousel of the Heidelberg International Professional Women's Forum

Deutsch-Amerikanisches Institut, Heidelberg, Germany

25 Sep 2015

Do We Need Investor-State Dispute Settlement in Investment Treaties Between Advanced Democracies? Recent Developments from the EU

Conference organized by the Centre for International Governance Innovation

Ottawa, Canada

14 Aug 2015

The Alternative Possible Futures of ISDS: What Role for ICSID?

Brown Bag Lunch Series

ICSID Secretariat, Washington D.C., US

14 May 2015

Regulatory Challenges of Cryptocurrencies and Other Blockchain Technologies

Presentation and roundtable workshops with working groups from the South African Treasury, Reserve Bank, Financial Intelligence Centre, and Revenue Service

Pretoria, South Africa

15 May 2015

Promoting Foreign Direct Investment - A Commentary on Recent South African Developments

Presentation at Workshop on "Foreign Direct Investment, the Rule of Law, and International Investment Treaties: Theory, Policy, and Evidence", hosted by the British Institute for International and Comparative Law, the Bingham Centre for the Rule of Law, and Hogan Lovells, LLC

Johannesburg, South Africa

10 Apr 2015

Global vs Local Public Interests in International Investment Law

Conference Presentation, Annual Meeting of the American Society of International Law

Washington, D.C. United States

10 Mar 2015

Recurring Problems in Investor-State Disputes & How South Africa Might Respond to Them

Presentation and Roundtable Discussion with the South African Institute of International Affairs and the Centre for Applied Legal Studies (University of the Witwatersrand)

Johannesburg, South Africa

05 Mar 2015

Recurring Problems in Investor-State Disputes & How South Africa Might Respond to Them

Presentation for the South African Department of Trade and Industry and Department of International Relations and Cooperation

Pretoria, South Africa

04 Mar 2015

Toward Balance in International Investment Law: Three Paradigms

Presentation for the Faculty of Law, University of Pretoria

Pretoria, South Africa

23 Feb 2015

Solidarity, Democracy, and Regional Economic Integration: Two's Company, Three's a Crowd?

Presentation for conference on "Los desafíos contemporáneos de la democracia y el Estado de Derecho"

Salta, Argentina

05 Dec 2014

Human Rights as Applicable Law in Investor-State Arbitration?

Presentation at workshop on Human Rights in Investment Arbitration, Columbia Center on Sustainable Investment

Columbia Law School, New York

26 Jun 2013

Arbitrating with Sovereign States

Introductory lecture for incoming JD/LLM students

Duke University School of Law, Durham (US)

04 Apr 2013

Rethinking Private International Law: The Emergence of the “Private” in Contemporary International Law

panel discussant, Annual Meeting of the American Society of International Law

Washington, D.C.

30 Dec 2012

Public & Private in International Investment Law

presentation at American Society of International Law, biennial conference of the International Economic Law Working Group

George Washington University School of Law, Washington, D.C.

13 Apr 2012

The Intersection of National Security Law Issues and International Business Enterprises: Lessons Learned and Challenges for the Future

Panel Moderator, Annual conference on Law, Ethics and National Security (‘After Afghanistan, Where To From Here?’)

Duke University School of Law, Durham (US)

01 Dec 2011

A Human Rights Perspective on Women's Economic Inclusion

Presentation of report commissioned by the Nordic Council for Human Rights on the human rights dimensions of the work program of the Women, Business, and the Law Group, International Finance Corp., World Bank

Washington, D.C.

09 Jul 2010

Most-favored nation clauses as a jurisdictional basis for investor-state disputes

Presentation at biennial meeting of the Society for International Economic Law

Barcelona, Spain

Teaching

Winter Term 2016

Public International Law

Europa-Institut, Universität des Saarlandes (Saarbrücken, Germany)

Wintersession 2013, Wintersession 2014

Drafting Pleadings in International Disputes

Duke University School of Law (Durham, US)

Spring 2013, Spring 2014

International Commercial Arbitration

Duke University School of Law (Durham, US)

Summer 2012

Introduction to US Law

Summer Institute of Transnational Law, University of Geneva & Duke University Law Faculties (Geneva, Switzerland)

Spring 2012, Fall 2012, Fall 2013

International Investment Law

Duke University School of Law (Durham, US)

Spring 2009

Guest Lecturer, International Trade & Comparative Competition Law

University of Cape Town Law Faculty (Cape Town, South Africa)

Participation in Conferences at Home and Abroad

Conference Co-Chair, 111th Annual Meeting of the American Society of International Law, "What International Law Values", https://www.asil.org/annualmeeting , Washington, D.C., 13.04.2017 - 15.04.2017

Principal Convenor, Toward global approaches to blockchain legal quandariesConsensus 2016 CIGI Global Law & Policy Working Group Event
Group 1: Global Intellectual Property Dilemmas
Group 2: Global Anti-Money Laundering & Counter Terrorist Financing Challenges
Group 3: Overarching Principles for Transnational Regulatory Engagement, New York, NY, 03.05.2016

Principal Convenor, Regulating Blockchain & Distributed Ledger Technologies: Challenges and Opportunities for Canadian Innovation, Toronto, Canada, 14.03.2016

Principal Organizer, "The Future of Transatlantic Economic Governance in the Age of the BRICS", A Joint Scholarship Workshop of the International Economic Law Interest Groups of the American and European Societies of International Law and the Max-Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law, Max Planck House, Heidelberg, 11.12.2015 - 12.12.2015

Workshop Participant, The Comparative Constitutional Law of Public-Private Arbitration, Max-Planck Institute for Comparative Public and International Law, Heidelberg, Germany, 21.11.2014 - 22.11.2014

Panelist, Recent Trends in International Arbitration, 25th anniversary conference of the joint King’s College and Boston College Law School London Program in Transnational Law, King's College Faculty of Law, London, 13.05.2014

Presenter, Toward a Legitimate International Investment Regime, Junior Scholars Research Forum, American Society of International Law, International Economic Law Interest Group,, Wharton Business School, University of Pennsylvania, 22.11.2013

Discussant, Development and Justice?  Roundtable Series on Opportunity and Inclusion in the Global Economy, Council on Foreign Relations, New York, 21.10.2013

Presenter, European Investment Law at a Crossroads, a comment on August Reinisch, “The Future of Investment Treaties in the European Union,” Symposium on the Law and Politics of Foreign Investment, Santa Clara University School of Law, 01.02.2013 - 02.02.2013

Presenter, Differentiation of Competing Claims, Workshop on Conceptual Foundations of International Investment Law, Graduate Institute of International & Development Studies, Geneva, 08.06.2012

Presenter, Empirics and Opposition: What Empirical Studies Can (and Can’t) Do for International Investment Law Scholarship, Workshop on the Political Economy of Investment Treaties, London School of Economics, 27.04.2012 - 28.04.2012

Commentator on Ralf Michaels, ‘Is Transnational Commercial Law Customary, and If So, So What? A Jurisprudential Perspective’, Custom and Law Symposium, Duke Law School, 10.02.2012 - 11.02.2012

Presenter, Transparency in International Investment Law, Workshop on Transparency in International Law, Thun, Switzerland, 18.01.2012 - 21.01.2012

Discussant, The UN Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights: Analysis and Implementation, Kenan Institute for Ethics, Kenan Institute for Ethics, Duke University, 12.12.2011 - 13.12.2011

Presenter, Global Public Goods in International Legal Scholarship: Some Insights from Behavioral Economics, Roundtable on International Law and Global Public Goods, Center for International and Comparative Law, Duke Law School, 22.10.2011

Honours

Conference Co-Chair of the 111th Annual Meeting of the American Society of International Law

Member of the Program Committee, 2016 Annual Meeting of the American Society of International Law

Gender Equality Officer (Gleichstellungsbeauftragte), Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law (Sep 2015-present)

Visiting Researcher, University of Pretoria, Faculty of Law, South Africa (March 2009), financed by the Alexander von Humboldt Stiftung

Memberships

  • American Society of International Law; Co-Vice Chair: International Economic Law Interest Group (since March 2015) (member since 2009); Mentor: Women in International Law Interest Group (2013-2014)
  • European Society of International Law (since 2009)
  • Society of International Economic Law (since 2009)
  • UNCTAD Ad Hoc Experts Group on International Investment Law (since 2009)
  • Truman National Security Project (Founding Board Member) (since 2004)
  • Social Change Network, Yale Law School (since 2004); Board Member (2012-2013)

Miscellaneous

Miscellaneous

  • Associate Editor, Journal of World Investment and Trade (January 2014-present)
  • Case Comment Reviewer, ICSID Review - Foreign Investment Law Journal (Dec 2014-present)
  • Peer reviewer, numerous international journals and university presses (present)
  • Executive Editor, Yale Human Rights and Development Law Journal (2006-2007)
  • Editor, Yale Journal of International Law (2003-2006)
  • Relief and Development Project Coordinator, Bihać, Bosnia (1995-1996)
  • Human Capital Consultant, Monster.com, Seattle, US (2001-2002)