|II.||Substantive International Law - Second Part|
|2.||LAW OF THE SEA|
|2.5.||Freedom of Navigation|
Case Concerning Maritime
Delimitation and Territorial
Question between Qatar and
Bahrain (Qatar v. Bahrain)
Judgment of 16 March 2001
[pp. 109 110] 223. The Court
notes that, because of the line thus adopted, Qatar's
maritime zones situated to the south of the Hawar Islands
and those situated to the north of those islands are
connected only by the channel separating the Hawar
Islands from the peninsula. This channel is narrow
and shallow, and little suited to navigation.
The Court therefore emphasizes that, as Bahrain is not entitled to apply the method of straight baselines (see paragraph 215 above), the waters lying between the Hawar Islands and the other Bahraini islands are not internal waters of Bahrain, but the territorial sea of that State. Consequently, Qatari vessels, like those of all other States, shall enjoy in these waters the right of innocent passage accorded by customary international law. In the same way, Bahraini vessels, like those of all other States, enjoy this right of innocent passage in the territorial sea of Qatar.