Max-Planck-Institut für ausländisches öffentliches Recht und Völkerrecht Logo Max-Planck-Institut für ausländisches öffentliches Recht und Völkerrecht

Sie befinden sich hier: Forschung Forschung nach Rechtsgebieten Recht der Europäischen Union EU Values in Crisis

EU Values in Crisis

Leiter(in):

Armin von Bogdandy

Über das Projekt:

According to Article 2 TEU, the European Union is founded on the values of democracy, the rule of law and human rights. Yet, several developments in the Member States threaten this common value basis, especially the value of the rule of law: On some occasions, it is due to undue extensions of governmental power, such as in cases of interference with the judiciary or restrictions of media freedom, civil society organisations and academia (Poland, Hungary). In other cases, these values are threatened by endemic corruption (Romania, Bulgaria) or weak institutional capacities (Greece). Despite the existential dimension of this crisis, it is still contested whether and how the EU should respond to these developments.

The Institute has dedicated a large part of its research in EU law to this question. A special focus of the project is on the doctrinal understanding of the crisis and tools to handle it. In 2012, researchers at the Institute developed the “Reverse Solange” approach, a new proposal how to deal with systemic infringements of fundamental rights in EU Member States. Another part of the project develops the concept of systemic deficiency in the rule of law. Building on this, the project addresses the situation in a number of EU Member States, notably Hungary, Romania, Poland, and Greece. The project is conducted in close cooperation with scholars from Hungary, Poland and Greece, especially with the University of Warsaw Faculty of Law and Administration and the ELTE Budapest Faculty of Law.

Mitarbeiter(innen):

Luke Dimitrios Spieker

Michael Ioannidis

Partners

The institute is cooperating with a network of researchers from other institutions:

Related Academic Qualification Projects

Conferences

"Verfassungsgerichte und politischer Wandel"

Workshop in cooperation with the Wissenschaftskolleg zu Berlin (Institute for Advanced Study) in Berlin from 10 to 11 January 2019

Programme (PDF, 100.9 KB)

"Protecting European Union Values: Breaches of Article 2 TEU and their consequences"

Conference in cooperation with the University of Warsaw in Warsaw from 14 to 15 September 2017

Programme (PDF, 2212.3 KB)

"Protecting and Advancing the Rule of Law in Europe"

Conference in cooperation with the University of Warsaw in Heidelberg from 28 to 30 June 2017

Programme (PDF, 291.4 KB)

Publikationen

    Edited Volumes

  • von Bogdandy, Armin, Piotr Bogdanowicz, Iris Canor, Christoph Grabenwarter, Maciej Taborowski, Matthias Schmidt (Hrsg.): Defending Checks and Balances in EU Member States. Taking Stock of Europe's Actions. Springer, Berlin, 2020, im Erscheinen.. Springer
  • von Bogdandy, Armin, Pál Sonnevend (Hrsg.): Constitutional Crisis in the European Constitutional Area. Theory, Law and Politics in Hungary and Romania. Beck - Hart - Nomos, Oxford, 2015, XII, 378 S. S.. Nomos
  • Focus: Systemic Deficiencies

  • von Bogdandy, Armin: Principles of a systemic deficiencies doctrine: How to protect checks and balances in the Member States. In: Common Market Law Review 57, 705-740 (2020). CML Rev.
  • von Bogdandy, Armin: Tyrannei der Werte? Herausforderungen und Grundlagen einer europäischen Dogmatik systemischer Defizite. In: ZaöRV 79, 503-552 (2019).
  • von Bogdandy, Armin, Michael Ioannidis: Systemic deficiency in the rule of law: What it is, what has been done, what can be done. In: Common Market Law Review 51 (1), 59-96 (2014). CML Rev.
  • von Bogdandy, Armin, Michael Ioannidis: Das systemische Defizit. Merkmale, Instrumente und Probleme am Beispiel der Rechtsstaatlichkeit und des neuen Rechtsstaatlichkeitsaufsichtsverfahrens. In: ZaöRV 74 (2), 283-328 (2014). ZaöRV
  • Focus: Reverse Solange

  • von Bogdandy, Armin, Luke Dimitrios Spieker: Reverse Solange 2.0: Die Durchsetzung europäischer Werte und die unions- und strafrechtliche Verantwortung nationaler Richter. In: Europarecht 55, 301-332 (2020). EuR
  • von Bogdandy, Armin, Luke Dimitrios Spieker: I valori dell'Articolo 2 del TUE, la Reverse Solange e la responsabilità dei giudici nazional. In: Percorsi Costituzionali 2-3.2018, 347-388 (2020).
  • von Bogdandy, Armin, Luke Dimitrios Spieker: Countering the Judicial Silencing of Critics: Article 2 TEU Values, Reverse Solange, and the Responsibilities of National Judges. In: European Constitutional Law Review 15, 391-426 (2019). EuConst
  • von Bogdandy, Armin, Carlino Antpöhler, Michael Ioannidis: Protecting EU Values: Reverse Solange and the Rule of Law Framework. In: The Enforcement of EU Law and Values. In: The Enforcement of EU Law and Values, András Jakab, Dimitry Kochenov (Hrsg.). OUP, Oxford 2017, 218-233. SSRN
  • von Bogdandy, Armin, Carlino Antpöhler, Johanna Dickschen, Simon Hentrei, Matthias Kottmann, Maja Smrkolj: A European Response to Domestic Constitutional Crisis: Advancing the Reverse-Solange Doctrine. In: Constitutional Crisis in the European Constitutional Area, Armin von Bogdandy, Pál Sonnevend (Hrsg.). Beck - Hart - Nomos, Oxford 2015, 235-253. Nomos
  • See further:

    Focus: Weak Institutions

  • Ioannidis, Michael: Weak Members and the Enforcement of EU law. In: The Enforcement of EU law and Values, András Jakab, Dimitry Kochenov (Hrsg.). OUP, Oxford 2017, 476-492. OUP
  • von Bogdandy, Armin, Michael Ioannidis: Το κράτος δικαίου σε κρίση: Πως μπορεί η ΕΕ να ενισχύσει αδύναμους θεσμούς [The rule of law in crisis: How can the EU support weak institutions?]. In: Νομικό Βήμα 65 (9), 1993-2006 (2017).
  • von Bogdandy, Armin, Michael Ioannidis: Νέες δυνάμεις για τους θεσμούς της Ελλάδας. In: Η Καθημερινή της Κυριακής, 02.04.2017. Kathimerini
  • von Bogdandy, Armin, Michael Ioannidis: Neue Leute braucht das Land. In: Die Zeit, 12.03.2017. Die Zeit
  • Further Related Publications

  • von Bogdandy, Armin, Justyna Łacny : Suspension of EU funds for breaches of the rule of law – a dose of tough love needed?. SIEPS - European Policy Analysis, June 2020. SIEPS
  • Hering, Laura: Das Vertragsverletzungsverfahren als Instrument zum Schutz der Unionswerte - Zugleich Bemerkungen zu EuGH, Urt. v. 24.6.2019, C-619/18, Kommission/Polen. In: Die Öffentliche Verwaltung (8), 293-302 (2020). DÖV
  • von Bogdandy, Armin, Laura Hering: Im Namen des Europäischen Clubs rechtsstaatlicher Demokratien. In: JuristenZeitung 75, 53-63 (2020). JZ
  • Spieker, Luke Dimitrios: Breathing Life into the Union’s Common Values: On the Judicial Application of Article 2 TEU in the EU Value Crisis. In: German Law Journal 20, 1182-1213 (2019). GLJ
  • von Bogdandy, Armin: Der europäische Rechtsraum. Ein Begriff zur Neuausrichtung des Europarechts und besseren Verteidigung europäischer Werte. In: Archiv des öffentlichen Rechts 144 (3), 321-357 (2019). AöR
  • von Bogdandy, Armin: In wessen Namen? Eine Schicksalsfrage für den Europäischen Gerichtshof für Menschenrechte. In: Der Staat 58 (1), 1-5 (2019). Der Staat
  • von Bogdandy, Armin: Ways to frame the European Rule of Law: Rechtsgemeinschaft, Trust, Revolution, and Kantian Peace. In: European Constitutional Law Review 14, 657-699 (2018). EuConst
  • Bogdanowicz, Piotr, Matthias Schmidt: The Infringement Procedure in the Rule of Law Crisis: How to make Effective Use of Article 258 TFEU. In: Common Market Law Review 55, 1061-1100 (2018). CML Rev.
  • von Bogdandy, Armin, Piotr Bogdanowicz, Iris Canor, Maciej Taborowski, Matthias Schmidt: A potential constitutional moment for the European rule of law – The importance of red lines. In: Common Market Law Review 55, 963-996 (2018). CML Rev.
  • von Bogdandy, Armin, Piotr Bogdanowicz, Iris Canor, Giacomo Rugge, Maciej Taborowski, Matthias Schmidt: Un possibile “momento costituzionale” per lo Stato di diritto europeo: i confini invalicabili. In: Quaderni costituzionali 38 (4), 855-875 (2018). Quaderni Costituzionali
  • Blogposts

    Verfassungsblog Online Symposium: The CJEU’s Deficiencies Judgment

  • von Bogdandy, Armin, Piotr Bogdanowicz, Iris Canor, Maciej Taborowski, Matthias Schmidt: Drawing Red Lines and Giving (Some) Bite – the CJEU’s Deficiencies Judgment on the European Rule of Law. Verfassungsblog, 03. August 2018. Verfassungsblog
  • Verfassungsblog Online Symposium: New Forces for Greek State Reform

  • von Bogdandy, Armin, Michael Ioannidis: New Forces for Greek State Reform. Verfassungsblog, 12. November 2019. Verfassungsblog
  • Further Blogposts

  • Spieker, Luke Dimitrios: The Court gives with one hand and takes away with the other. Verfassungsblog, 26. März 2020. Verfassungsblog
  • von Bogdandy, Armin: Fundamentals on Defending European Values. Verfassungsblog, 12. November 2019. Verfassungsblog
  • Spieker, Luke Dimitrios: Commission v. Poland – A Stepping Stone Towards a Strong “Union of Values”?. Verfassungsblog, 30. Mai 2019. Verfassungsblog
  • von Bogdandy, Armin, Luke Dimitrios Spieker: Countering the Judicial Silencing of Critics: Novel Ways to Enforce European Values. Verfassungsblog, 06. März 2019. Verfassungsblog
  • von Bogdandy, Armin: How to protect European Values in the Polish Constitutional Crisis. Verfassungsblog, 31.03.2016. Verfassungsblog