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Sie befinden sich hier: Institut Personen Wissenschaftliche Mitarbeiter/innen et al. Grote, Rainer

Rainer Grote

Prof., Dr. iur., LL.M. (Edinburgh), Referent


Verfassungsrecht, Rechtsvergleichung, Menschenrechtsschutz

Max Planck Encyclopedia of Comparative Constitutional Law

The field of comparative constitutional law has seen increasing academic interest in recent years, not least because of its considerable practical relevance. However, in spite of the widely acknowledged theoretical and practical relevance of the field, reference works are few. The Max Planck Encyclopedia of Comparative Constitutional Law seeks to fill this gap. In approximately 600 peer-reviewed entries, it will cover all areas of constitutional law from a comparative perspective.

Constitutionalism, Human Rights, and Islam after the Arab Spring

The protest movement known as the Arab Spring, which resulted in the framing of new constitutions in some countries, the drafting of interim or transitional constitutional documents in others and unprecedented popular debates on the fundamentals of the constitutional system across the whole of Northern Africa and the Middle East, constituted the biggest upheaval of the established political order in an entire world region since the demise of the Soviet Union twenty years earlier. The book aims to analyze and put into perspective the forces and ideas which have driven constitutional change in the Arab world since the beginning of the uprisings in early 2011, as well as to identify the reasons for which most of the reform movements failed, at least in the short run, to achieve lasting democratic change. In seven parts, the book assesses the constitutional upheaval undergone by Arab countries since 2011 from a multidisciplinary perspective, drawing on the methods and insights of comparative constitutional law, Islamic law, comparative politics, jurisprudence, and legal history. An introductory chapter explores the main issues and controversies in the constitutional debates of the Arab spring, while the concluding section tries to assess its legacy for the advancement of constitutionalism, democracy, human rights and the rule of law in the region.

Aktuelle Publikationen

  • Islamische Normativität und Verfassungsentwicklung aus der Perspektive eines europäischen Verfassungsvergleichers. In: Islam, Recht und Diversität, Stephan Hinghofer-Szalkay, Herbert Kalb (Hrsg.), Verlag Österreich, Wien 2018, 249-264.
  • Parliamentary Systems. In: Max Planck Encyclopedia of Comparative Constitutional Law, Rainer Grote, Frauke Lachenmann, Rüdiger Wolfrum (Hrsg.). Oxford University Press, Oxford 2017.
  • The Mexican Constitution of 1917: An Early Example of Radical Transformative Constitutionalism. In: Transformative Constitutionalism in Latin America - The Emergence of a New Ius Commune, Armin von Bogdandy, Eduardo Ferrer-MacGregor, Mariela Morales Antoniazzi, Flávia Piovesan (Hrsg.). Oxford University Press, Oxford 2017, 149-169.
  • Parliamentary Monarchy. In: Max Planck Encyclopedia of Comparative Constitutional Law, Rainer Grote, Frauke Lachenmann, Rüdiger Wolfrum (Hrsg.). Oxford University Press, Oxford 2017.
  • Magna Carta. In: Max Planck Encyclopedia of Comparative Constitutional Law, Rainer Grote, Frauke Lachenmann, Rüdiger Wolfrum (Hrsg.). Oxford University Press, Oxford 2017.
  • Das "Westfälische System" des Völkerrechts: Faktum oder Mythos?. In: Völkerrechtsgeschichte(n), Andreas von Arnauld (Hrsg.), Duncker&Humblot, Berlin 2017, 21-38.
  • The Constitutional Legacy of the Arab Spring. In: Constitutionalism, Human Rights, and Islam after the Arab Spring, Rainer Grote, Tilmann J. Röder (Hrsg.). Oxford University Press, New York 2016, 907-917 (zusammen mit Tilmann Röder).
  • Constitutional Debates in the Arab Spring. In: Constitutionalism, Human Rights, and Islam after the Arab Spring, Rainer Grote, Tilmann J. Röder (Hrsg.). Oxford University Press, New York 2016, 9-26 (zusammen mit Tilmann Röder).
  • Constitutionalism, Human Rights, and Islam after the Arab Spring. Oxford University Press, New York, 2016, 953 S. .
  • Internationalization of the German Legal Method. In: Nordic and Germanistic Legal Methods, Sören Koch/Ingvill Helland (Hrsg.), Mohr Siebeck, Tübingen 2015, 325-343.
  • Grundlagen, Hauptprobleme und Perspektiven des islamischen Verfassungsrechts - Eine Zwischenbilanz im Lichte des "Arabischen Frühlings". In: Zeitschrift für ausländisches öffentliches Recht und Völkerrecht 3, 575-614 (2014).
  • The German Rechtsstaat in a Comparative Perspective. In: The Legal Doctrines of the Rule of Law and the Legal State (Rechtsstaat), James R. Silkenat/James E. Hickey Jr./Peter D. Barenboim (Hrsg.). Ius Gentium: Comparative Perspectives on Law and Justice Bd. 38. Springer, Heidelberg/New York/Dordrecht/London 2014, 193-207.
  • EMRK/GG - Konkordanzkommentar zum europäischen und deutschen Grundrechtsschutz. 2. Mohr Siebeck, Tübingen, 2013, 2400 S. (zusammen mit Oliver Dörr, Thilo Marauhn)
  • Entstehungs- und Rezeptionsgeschichte der EMRK. In: EMRK/GG Konkordanzkommentar, Oliver Dörr, Rainer Grote, Thilo Marauhn (Hrsg.), Mohr Siebeck, Tübingen 2013, 9-56.
  • Meinungsfreiheit. In: EMRK/GG Konkordanzkommentar, Oliver Dörr, Rainer Grote, Thilo Marauhn (Hrsg.), Mohr Siebeck, Tübingen 2013, 1050-1160 (zusammen mit Nicola Wenzel).
  • The ECHR's Rulings in "von Hannover v. Germany (No. 2)" and "Axel Springer AG v. Germany": Rebalancing Freedom of the Press with the Respect of Privacy. In: German Yearbook of International Law 55, 639-648 (2012).
  • Constitutionalism in Islamic Countries - Between Upheaval and Continuity. Oxford University Press, New York, 2012, 730 S. (Hrsg. mit Tilmann Röder).
  • Models of Institutional Control: The Experience of Islamic Countries. In: Constitutionalism in Islamic Countries, Rainer Grote, Tilmann Röder (Hrsg.). Oxford University Press, New York 2013, 221-238.
  • Westminster Democracy in an Islamic Context: Pakistan, Bangladesh, Malaysia. In: Constitutionalism in Islamic Countries, Rainer Grote, Tilmann Röder (Hrsg.). Oxford University Press, New York 2012, 447-460.
  • The Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights - Towards a More Effective Implementation of Social Rights?. In: Coexistence, Cooperation and Solidarity - Liber Amicorum Rüdiger Wolfrum, Holger Hestermeyer, Doris König, Nele Matz-Lück, Volker Röben, Anja Seibert-Fohr, Peter-Tobias Stoll (Hrsg.). Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, Leiden, Boston 2012, 417-436.
  • Der Föderalismus in Mexiko, Indien, Südafrika und Australien. In: Föderalismus als demokratische Rechtsordnung und Rechtskultur in Deutschland, Europa und in der Welt, Ines Härtel (Hrsg.). Springer, Heidelberg 2012, 587-608.
  • Allgemeinheit und Bestimmtheit der Gesetze. In: Das Gesetz - Fünftes Deutsch-Taiwanesisches Kolloquium am 1. und 2. April 2011 an der Georg-August-Universität Göttingen, Werner Heun, Christian Starck (Hrsg.), Nomos, Baden-Baden 2012, 137-146.



The changing status of religion in European constitutional systems

Vortrag im Rahmen des Seminars "The role of religious law in the constitutional state" des Rule of Law Program Middle East/North Africa der Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung

Cadenabbia, Italien


Is There a Recipe for Successful Democratic Transitions? Some Insights from European and German Experiences

Vortrag im Rahmen der Summer School "The Challenges of Democratic Transitions in the Arab World"

University of Copenhagen


The Turn to the 'Islamic' in International Law and International Relations - Myth or Reality?

Vortrag im Rahmen des Seminars "Rule, Resistance and the State - Islamic International Law and International Relations"

Erik Castrén Institute of International Law and Human Rights, University of Helsinki


Legislative powers of the executive: necessary for effective government or a threat to (parliamentary) democracy and the rule of law?

Vortrag im Rahmen des Projektseminars "Parliamentary Law-Making in the Arab World"

Université de Carthage, Tunis


On the use and abuse of constitutional courts

Keynote Lecture im Rahmen des Doktorandenkolloquiums "Institutional Preconditions for Effective and Inclusive Governance in the Arab World"

Université de Carthage, Tunis


Models and Mechanisms of Constitutional Review

Afghan Commission for the Implementation of the Constitution



Sharia and the fundamentals of the European constitutional order: antagonism or complementarity (or both)?

Grazer Gespräche zu Scharia und Recht

Karl-Franzens-Universität Graz


Constitutional Courts in the Arab Spring

Dialogue Series Governance and Constitutions

Institute for the Study of Muslim Civilisations London


An example of a failed transition: the case of Egypt

Expert Seminar Law & Politics of State Transformation - International Intervention and Domestic Interim Governance

European University Institute Florenz


Los mecanismos de cumplimiento de las decisiones del TEDH en Alemania

Coloquio Iberoamericano: Diálogo interamericano y europeo sobre los mecanismos de cumplimiento de las sentencias de los tribunals regionales de derechos humanos

Max-Planck-Institut für Völkerrecht, Heidelberg


Consideration of International Law by Constitutional Courts

Workshop mit dem jordanischen Verfassungsgericht, Amman


La protection des droits des minorités dans le contexte des révoltes arabes

Colloque "Droit et mouvements sociaux: quelles interations? Les cas des révoltes dans le monde arabe", Heidelberg


Das 'Westfälische System' des Völkerrechts: Faktum oder Mythos?

350 Jahre Universität Kiel - Ringvorlesung des Walther-Schücking-Instituts: Das Völkerrecht vom 17. Jarhundert bis zur Gegenwart, Kiel


Constitutionalism and the Functions of Constitutions

First Workshop with the Network of Afghan Constitutionalists, Heidelberg


Egypt's Constitutional Crisis

Workshop "Constitutional law in times of change" mit Richtern des thailändischen Verfassungsgerichts


The 'dawla madaniyya' and the reform of the judiciary in the Arab spring

The constitutional reforms produced by the Arab spring in the judicial sector have been highly unequal in outlook and effectiveness. While the attempts in Egypt to strengthen the independence of the judiciary and to end the system of exceptional courts, including an excessive role of military courts, have had only limited success, the efforts undertaken in Tunisia to implement the concept of ‘civil state’ also in the judicial sector look more promising. Constitutional reform of the judiciary, especially with regard to constitutional review, has also figured prominently in some of the other reform processes triggered by the Arab spring, namely in Morocco and Jordan, where they have been tightly controlled by the reforming monarchies. The professionalization and the independence of the review bodies have been strengthened through the requirement that only persons recognized for their legal and professional competence may it on these bodies. Moreover, the new constitutional courts in Tunisia, Morocco and Jordan have been given powers which would allow them for the first time to adjudicate on the constitutionality of statutes and other legal provisions in the context of concrete litigation, thus creating a potential opening for individual and civil society organizations to submit their rights claims to them. However, certain ambiguities continue to exist which might be exploited by the executive in order to check the new-found power of the judges.

Seminar "Claims to Justice: Islamic law and constitutional debates in the Middle East", Danish Institute for Human Rights, Kopenhagen


Models of constitutional review

Seminar "Strengthening constitutional review in Kyrgyszstan", Max-Planck-Stiftung für Internationalen Frieden und Rechtsstaatlichkeit, Heidelberg


Derechos humanos, Estado de derecho y democracia como principios esenciales

Seminar "Ius Constitutionale Commune Latino-Americano: A Emergência de um Novo Direito Público no Século XXI", Pontifíca Universidade Católica de São Paulo


Constitution-Building in Africa

Constitution-building in Africa has a troubled history. The first-generation of post-independence constitutions which were negotiated with, or more frequently imposed by, the departing colonial powers tried to introduce concepts of liberal democracy, rule of law and fundamental rights into often highly fractured communities which as a result of their colonial past were ill prepared to accommodate these ideas. Not surprisingly, these constitutions failed to gain any real traction and were soon replaced by either military rule or one party regimes which claimed to reflect indigenous concepts of governance and legality. It is only with the wave of democratisation which seized many parts of the continent after the collapse of communism in the early 1990s that constitution-building in Africa seems to have come into its own. For the first time in African history constitution-making processes enabled broader sectors of society to get involved, and the constitutions which were drawn up as a result reflect the basic needs and aspirations of the different groups and communities to a far larger extent than at any previous time (e.g. South Africa 1994/1996, Kenya 2010). The new constitutional texts are often of a highly complex and ambitious nature, and they have to operate in the most difficult circumstances, characterised, among other things, by weak traditions of democratic governance, ethnic tensions, limited resources and the constraints resulting from increased global competition.

Stellenbosch Institute of Advanced Studies, Stellenbosch


Human Rights in the Financial Crisis

Heidelberg Center para América Latina, Santiago de Chile


Los mecanismos de integración regional en los tiempos de la crisis financiera

Universidad Nacional Autónoma de Honduras, Tegucigalpa


La jurisdicción constitucional en la República Federal Alemana

Symposio sobre los sistemas de jurisdicción constitucional en América Latina y Europa, Tegucigalpa


Constitutional reform in Egypt, Morocco and Jordan in the wake of the Arab spring

Seminar on Muslim Constitutional Law and the Dawla Madaniyya, University of Copenhagen


Vom Symbol der Freiheit zum Symbol der Gerechtigkeit? Die neuen Verfassungen Lateinamerikas

Lateinamerika-Treffen der Stiftung Entwicklungs-Zusammenarbeit, Stuttgart


The Main Challenges in Drafting a National Bill of Rights - Lessons from Europe

Konferenz "Constitution Building and Protection - International and Vietnamese Experiences", Hanoi


Sommersemester 2018

Grundlagen und Schwerpunkte der Verfassungsrechtsvergleichung

Universität Göttingen, Mi., 16:00-20:00

Sommersemester 2017

Der Jugoslawien-Konflikt und die neue Völkerrechtsordnung

Sarajevo, Bosnien-Herzegovina, 19.-28.09.2017

Sommersemester 2017

Grundlagen der Rechtsvergleichung im Öffentlichen Recht

Göttingen, Mi., 16:00 - 20:00 (14tägig)

Sommersemester 2016

Rechtsvergleichung im Öffentlichen Recht

Göttingen, Mi., 16:00 - 18:00

Sommersemester 2015

Einführung in die Rechtsvergleichung im Öffentlichen Recht

Göttingen, Mi., 16:00 - 18:00

Sommersemester 2014

Internationaler Menschenrechtsschutz

Göttingen, Mi., 16.00 - 18.00

Sommersemester 2013

Internationaler und Europäischer Menschenrechtsschutz

Göttingen, Mi., 16.00 - 18.00