The field of comparative constitutional law has seen increasing academic interest in recent years, not least because of its considerable practical relevance. However, in spite of the widely acknowledged theoretical and practical relevance of the field, reference works are few. The Max Planck Encyclopedia of Comparative Constitutional Law seeks to fill this gap. In approximately 600 peer-reviewed entries, it will cover all areas of constitutional law from a comparative perspective.
The protest movement known as the Arab Spring, which resulted in the framing of new constitutions in some countries, the drafting of interim or transitional constitutional documents in others and unprecedented popular debates on the fundamentals of the constitutional system across the whole of Northern Africa and the Middle East, constituted the biggest upheaval of the established political order in an entire world region since the demise of the Soviet Union twenty years earlier. The book aims to analyze and put into perspective the forces and ideas which have driven constitutional change in the Arab world since the beginning of the uprisings in early 2011, as well as to identify the reasons for which most of the reform movements failed, at least in the short run, to achieve lasting democratic change. In seven parts, the book assesses the constitutional upheaval undergone by Arab countries since 2011 from a multidisciplinary perspective, drawing on the methods and insights of comparative constitutional law, Islamic law, comparative politics, jurisprudence, and legal history. An introductory chapter explores the main issues and controversies in the constitutional debates of the Arab spring, while the concluding section tries to assess its legacy for the advancement of constitutionalism, democracy, human rights and the rule of law in the region.