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PEDRO VILLARREAL

PhD (UNAM, Mexico), Senior Research Fellow

villarreal@mpil.de
Tel. +49 (6221) 482-318

Main Fields of Research:

Health Law, Public International Law, Comparative Public Law

Academic Career:

Since October 2015 - Research Fellow at the MPIL.

2012 - 2016 - PhD degree from the Institute of Legal Research of the National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM), with honors (highest possible).

2009 - 2010 - Masters degree from the National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM), cum Laude.

2001 - 2006 - Law studies at the University of Sonora, Mexico.

Languages:

Spanish, English, French (Advanced), German (C1).

Pandemics and Law: A Global Governance Perspective

Recent Publications

  • Public Health Emergencies and Constitutionalism Before COVID-19: Between the National and the International. In: Constitutionalism Under Extreme Conditions, Richard Albert, Yaniv Roznai (eds.). Ius Gentium: Comparative Perspectives on Law and Justice. Springer, Cham, Switzerland 2020, 217-238. https://link.springer.com/book/10.1007%2...
  • The Role of International Law in Vaccinating Against COVID-19: Appraising the COVAX Initiative. MPIL Research Paper No. 2020-46, 19 November 2020 (with Armin von Bogdandy). https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?...
  • Die Weltgesundheitsorganisation in der COVID-19 Pandemie. Über internationale öffentliche Gewalt in der Krise. In: ZaöRV 2, 293-324 (2020) (with Armin von Bogdandy).
  • Differential treatment in the International Health Regulations: Towards a nuanced perspective. In: Migration and Medicine, Florian Steger, Marcin Orzechowski, Giovanni Rubeis, Maximilian Schochow (eds.). Karl Alber, München 2020, 157-171.
  • Solidarity in the wake of COVID-19: reimagining the International Health Regulations. The Lancet, 19 June 2020 (with Allyn Taylor et al).
  • Peru - Agricultural Products Case. In: Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law May 2020 (2020).
  • India - Agricultural Products. In: Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law May 2020 (2020).
  • Critical Features of International Authority in Pandemic Response: The WHO in the COVID-19 Crisis, Human Rights and the Changing World Order. Max Planck Research Paper Series, 14 May 2020 (with Armin von Bogdandy).
  • Statement of the Global Health Law Committee of the International Law Association regarding the COVID-19 pandemic. International Law Association - Global Health Law Committee, 05 April 2020 (with Brigit Toebes^Ellen t'Hoen et al Frederick Abbott).
  • International Law on Pandemic Response: A First Stocktaking in Light of the Coronavirus Crisis. Max Planck Research Paper Series, 26 March 2020 (with Armin von Bogdandy).
  • European Tribunal on State Immunity. In: Max Planck Encyclopedia of International Procedural Law November 2019 (2019).
  • Pandemias y derecho: una perspectiva de gobernanza global. Instituto de Investigaciones Jurídicas/UNAM, Mexico, 2019, 285 p., Dissertation
  • El derecho a la salud en lo individual y en lo colectivo: la calidad en los servicios de salud a partir de Poblete Vilches vs. Chile. In: Interamericanización del derecho a la salud: Perspectivas a luz del Caso Poblete de la Corte IDH, Mariela Morales Antoniazzi, Laura Clérico (eds.). Instituto de Estudios Constitucionales de Querétaro, México 2019, 279-314.
  • Public International Law and Human Health: Bridging Conceptual Gaps Through Governance. In: German Yearbook of International Law 61, 45-72 (2018).
  • Justiciability of Environmental Health Concerns - Global Health Law Committee - 2018 Conference Report, Developing International Law in Challenging Times - ILA Biennial Conference Sydney, Australia, 8/19/18-8/24/18. International Law Association, Sydney, Australia, 2018, paras. 47-51 p. (with Frederick Abbott, Brigit C A Toebes, Xavier Seuba, Ellen t Hoen)
  • The World Health Organization´s Governance Framework in Disease Outbreaks: A Legal Perspective. In: The Governance of Disease Outbreaks - International Health Law: Lessons from the Ebola Crisis and Beyond, Leonie Vierck, Pedro Villarreal, Katarina Weilert (eds.). Nomos, Baden-Baden, Germany 2017, 243-272.
  • The Governance of Disease Outbreaks - International Health Law: Lessons from the Ebola Crisis and Beyond. Nomos, Baden-Baden, Germany, 2017, 393 p. (editor with Leonie Vierck, Katarina Weilert).
  • The WHO’s Institutional and Legal Role in Communicable Disease Epidemics: From Pandemic Influenza to Zika. Völkerrechstblog, 2016.
  • La protección contra epidemias y pandemias como manifestación del derecho a la salud desde una perspectiva de gobernanza global. In: Gobernanza global y cambio estructural del sistema jurídico mexicano. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México - Instituto de Investigaciones Jurídicas, México 2016, 339-364.
  • La emergencia sanitaria por el virus del Zika en el marco de la OMS: un panorama plagado de incertidumbres, 2016.
  • Zika virus as a Public Health Emergency of International Concern: Insights from previous cases, 2016.
  • Pandemic Declarations of the World Health Organization as an exercise of International Public Authority: The possible legal answers to frictions between legitimacies. In: Göttingen Journal of International Law 7, 95-129 (2016).

Blogposts

  • Pandemic Intrigue in Geneva: COVID-19 and the 73rd World Health Assembly. EJIL:Talk!, 22 May 2020.
  • “Can They Really Do That?” States’ Obligations Under the International Health Regulations in Light of COVID-19 (2 parts). Opinio Juris, 31 March 2020.
  • Is the spread of Coronavirus already a pandemic? Unpacking a (legal) definition. Völkerrechtsblog, 09 March 2020.
  • Responses to the COVID-19 Crisis: The Exposed Limitations of the International Health Regulations. Global Health Law Groningen, 25 February 2020.
  • The 2019-2020 novel coronavirus outbreak and the importance of good faith for international law. Völkerrechtsblog, 28 January 2020.
  • Public International Law and the 2018-2019 Ebola Outbreak in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. EJIL: Talk!, 31 July 2019.
  • The Direct Justiciability of the Right to Health at the IACtHR. Völkerrechtsblog, 22 October 2018.
  • The Renegotiated NAFTA: What Is In It For Labor Rights?. EJIL: Talk!, 11 October 2018 (with Franz Ebert).
  • Stretching Abstract Reasoning to its Limits. Völkerrechtsblog, 06 April 2018.

Further Publications

  • Reforms of the World Health Organization in light of the Ebola crisis in West Africa: More delegation, more teeth?, 2015.
  • Cuando los derechos humanos chocan entre sí. Las recomendaciones de la Organización Mundial de la Salud frente a la crisis del Ébola en África de 2013-2015. In: Revista del Posgrado en Derecho de la UNAM Núm. 2, 181-218 (Enero-Junio 2015).

Presentations

24 Aug 2020

La protección frente a epidemias y pandemias como componente del derecho a la salud

Guest lecture: El derecho humano a la salud en el contexto de la pandemia de COVID-19

Institute of Legal Research, UNAM, Mexico. 15:00.

20 Jun 2020

Critical Features of International Authority in Pandemic Response: The WHO in the COVID-19 Crisis

International Online Conference: Human Rights Protection under Pandemic Prevention and Control: The Principle of Proportionality

Renmin University, Beijing, China. 12:00.

27 Apr 2020

States' Obligations under the WHO's International Health Regulations

Online Seminar: Global Health Governance, Sovereignty and Human Rights in the Shadow of COVID-19

Tel-Aviv University. 15:15.

21 Apr 2020

International Law and Pandemics: An Overview in Light of the COVID-19 Crisis

The International Human Rights Clinic - Online event

University of Chicago, United States of America. 15:00.

20 Apr 2020

COVID-19 and Public International Law

Völkerrechtliches Kolloquium

Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg. 17:00.

01 Apr 2020

Pandemia de SARS-CoV-2: Una perspectiva de Derecho y gobernanza global

Center for Justice and International Law (CEJIL)

Online event. 20:00.

14 Feb 2020

Coupling International Economic Law with Transformative Constitutionalism: The USMCA and Mexico

Panel D, Biennial Conference of the ASIL International Economic Law Interest Group - Designing Interantional Economic Law: Challenges and Opportunities

University of Miami School of Law. 15:00.

28 Nov 2019

The Demise of the WTO's Appellate Body and the Need for External Perspectives

Workshop: The End of International Public Authority?

Max-Planck-Institut für ausländisches öffentliches Recht und Völkerrecht. 18:15.

03 Jul 2019

(Des)Integración Económica y Constitucionalismo Transformador Latinoamericano: La Bifurcación del Derecho Mexicano

Panel Presentation at the 2019 Annual ICON-S Conference

Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Santiago de Chile. 10:30.

16 Apr 2019

International Economic Law and Human Health: Legal Issues of Tobacco Control

Faculty of Law, LL.M. Sustainable Development

Università Degli Studi di Milano. 12:30.

15 Apr 2019

International Law and the Protection Against Epidemics

Faculty of Law, LL.M. Sustainable Development

Università Degli Studi di Milano. 12:30.

09 Nov 2018

Globalización y Gobernanza Global

"Impacto de la Globalización y la Gobernanza Global en el Derecho Mexicano" - Kolloquium

Juristische Fakultät - Würzburg University. 11:30.

30 Oct 2018

Transformative Constitutionalism in Latin America and the EU's International Economic Policy

Poster Presentation - Fachbeirat 2018

Max-Planck-Institut für ausländisches öffentliches Recht und Völkerrecht. 09:00.

17 Oct 2018

Chair and Commentator - "Climate Change and the Right to a Healthy Environment"

Workshop - Health and the Environment in International Law: Actors, Norms and Responsibilities

Max-Planck-Institut für ausländisches öffentliches Recht und Völkerrecht. 14:00.

26 Sep 2018

International Health Governance

International Conference: "International Law and Human Health"

Walther Schücking Institute for International Law - Kiel University. 11:15.

14 Sep 2018

Kann Völkerrecht Krankheiten verhindern? (jointly with Dr. Katarina Weilert)

Max Planck Day 2018

Max-Planck-Institut für ausländisches öffentliches Recht und Völkerrecht. 13:00.

11 Sep 2018

Commentary to "The impact of transformative constitutionalism on state organs"

7th Max Planck Masterclass in International Law - Professor Manuel José Cepeda Espinosa "Transformative Constitutionalism: The Example of Colombia"

Max-Planck-Institut für ausländisches öffentliches Recht und Völkerrecht. 11:45.

21 Aug 2018

Justiciability of Environmental Health Concerns

International Law Association Biennial Conference 2018 - Global Health Law Committee

Sydney, Australia. 09:00.

09 Jul 2018

International Law and Health – Introduction and Current Debates

Völkerrechtliches Kolloquium - Sommersemester 2018 (Coordinator: Dr. Christian Marxsen)

Max-Planck-Institut für ausländisches öffentliches Recht und Völkerrecht. 18:00.

26 Jun 2018

“We didn’t start the fire”: The Exercise of Authority in NAFTA Dispute Settlement and the Nationalist Backlash

Presentation in Panel: "The Authoritarian Pushback and the Resilience of International Institutions", chaired by Matthias Goldmann and Silvia Steininger ICON-S Annual Conference, 2018 - The University of Hong Kong

Hong Kong. 09:00.

27 Oct 2017

International Drug Control: Assessing the Legal Role of International Organs in the Multilevel Supply of Controlled Substances (together with Paul Heckler)

International Workshop: International Biolaw and Interactions with Environmental, Human Rights and Health Law

Málaga School of Law, Spain. 16:10.

16 Oct 2017

The ECJ and Vaccines: When Judges Balance Scientific Facts (together with Iris Canor)

Presentation in the Referentenbesprechung of the MPIL

Heidelberg

21 Sep 2017

Internationale Gesundheitskrisen aus einer IPA Perspektive - Die essentielle Rolle der Wachsamkeit

Internationale öffentliche Gewalt - Workshop

Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law, Heidelberg, Deutschland. 13:15.

18 Sep 2017

A Rude Awakening for 'Dreamers': The End of DACA in the United States

Presentation in the Referentenbesprechung of the MPIL

Heidelberg

15 Sep 2017

The World Health Organization's Relationship with its Member States during Public Health Emergencies: What Role for International Law?

2nd Hamburg Young Scholars' Workshop in International Law

Fakultät für Rechtswissenschaft, Universität Hamburg, Hamburg, Deutschland. 14:45.

29 Aug 2017

Portrait of an Opened State: Constitutionalism and Protection of Foreign Investors in Mexico during the Age of NAFTA

Expert Workshop - Transformative Constitutionalism in Latin America and International Economic Law: Avoiding Conflict and Fostering Dialogue

Fundacao Getulio Vargas, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. 9:55.

07 Aug 2017

NAFTA After Twenty-Three Years: An Overview of its Projected Renegotiation

Presentation in the Referentenbesprechung of the MPIL

Heidelberg

27 Feb 2017

International Law and Health: Can There be Harmonization Beyond Fragmentation?

Research Meeting, Department of International and European Union Law (Directed by Prof. Dr. Ellen Hey)

Rotterdam, Netherlands. 13:00.

03 Feb 2017

Desarrollos del derecho constitucional y el derecho internacional por vías paralelas: El Reglamento Sanitario Internacional en México

XIII Congreso Iberoamericano de Derecho Constitucional

Palacio de Minería, Ciudad de México. 16:00.

26 Jan 2017

Derecho a la salud y gobernanza global

Coloquio "Derecho a la salud: decisiones judiciales y políticas públicas"

Suprema Corte de Justicia de la Nación, Ciudad de México. 9:00.

01 Dec 2016

The Legal Framing of Public Health Issues: Promises and Perils of Expert Authority

Transnational Theory Network Meeting

Edinburgh Law School, Scotland. 10:30.

07 Nov 2016

UNGASS 2016: International Drug Conventions under Scrutiny

Presentation in the Referentenbesprechung of the MPIL

Heidelberg

15 Aug 2016

Salud y derechos humanos: El caso de las epidemias desde el punto de vista internacional

Benemérita Universidad Autónoma de Puebla, México. 15:00.

18 Jul 2016

Public Health Emergencies and Constitutionalism: Between the International and the National

Constitutionalism Under Extreme Conditions

University of Haifa, Israel. 14.00.

21 Mar 2016

The case against (processed) meat: The International Agency for Research on Cancer's 'decision' to label processed meat as a carcinogenic

Presentation in the Referentenbesprechung of the MPIL

Heidelberg

26 Feb 2016

From SARS to Ebola and Zika: International Health and Law

Università di Messina, Dipartimento di Giurisprudenza, Messina, Italia. 16.00.

29 Nov 2015

From NAFTA to the Trans-Pacific Parthership: Perspectives from North America

Die Welt als Markt – Transnationale Wirtschaftsaktivitäten: Chancen und Probleme veranstaltet von Prof. Dr. Hans-Joachim Cremer, mit Unterstützung der Hanns Martin Schleyer-Stiftung

Neustadt (an der Weinstrasse). 9:00.

Teaching

Summer Course

Derecho Internacional Público y Pandemias, 28 hrs.

Universidad de los Andes Bogotá, Colombia, Monday - Friday, 15:00 - 18:30

2017-2

Salud, Medio Ambiente e Inversiones, 6 hrs.

Centro de Estudios de Derecho, Economía y Política Asunción, Paraguay, Montag/Dienstag, 18:00-21:00

Honours

Best Doctoral Dissertation, Law and Social Sciences, Instituto de Investigaciones Jurídicas, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México

Memberships

Deutsch-Mexikanischen-Juristenvereinigung e.V.

 European Society of International Law (ESIL) 

International Law Associacion (ILA) - Member of the International Committee on Global Health Law

The International Society of Public Law (ICON-S)

Miscellaneous

Co-organizer

7th Max Planck Masterclass in International Law - Professor Manuel José Cepeda Espinosa, "Transformative Constitutionalism: The Example of Colombia"

Academic Review Staff of the journal Boletín Mexicano de Derecho Comparado, Instituto de Investigaciones Jurídicas/UNAM, Mexico, 2016.

Academic Review Staff of the journal Problema. Anuario de Filosofía y Teoría del Derecho, Instituto de Investigaciones Jurídicas/UNAM, Mexico, 2013 - currently.

Coordinator of the MPIL Agora until March 2020.

2005 - 2007, 2010 - 2012: Clerk and Official Server at the Federal Judicial Branch of Mexico. 

January - July 2013: Lecturer at the Faculty of Law of the National Autonomous University of Mexico. Subject: Legal Reasoning.

2009-2010, 2012-2015 - Stipend from the National Council for Science and Technology of Mexico for postgraduate studies.