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Carolyn Moser

PhD, MA, Research Group Leader (Minerva Fast Track)

moser@mpil.de

Main Fields of Research:

EU law and governance | Security and defence in Europe | Use of force | Peace operations (UN, EU) | Franco-German relations

Academic Career:

Dr Carolyn Moser is specialized in the law and governance of security and defence, with a focus on developments in Europe. She currently heads the borderlines research group that investigates the governance credentials of (novel) EU security policies. She is also a Lecturer at Universities in France and Germany, and is furthermore affiliated with the Institute for European Integration in Hamburg.

Her key peer reviewed publications include a monograph on Accountability in EU Security and Defence (Oxford University Press, 2020) and a co-edited book on The Legal Framework of the OSCE (Cambridge University Press, 2019).

Dr Moser received several awards and distinctions for her research (inter alia the Otto-Hahn-Medal and the European Court of Auditors Award). Her interdisciplinary expertise is also sought beyond academic circles, for instance by European institutions and international organizations (eg European Parliament; OSCE; World Bank) as well as media outlets (eg ORF; SRF; Deutschlandfunk).

As regards her academic background, she was trained in both law and political science at Sciences Po Paris and The Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy (Tufts University, USA), and holds a PhD from Utrecht University on EU civilian crisis management. Moreover, her projects have led her to conduct research at the Basel Institute on Governance, the EUI in Florence, and the LMU in Munich.

Latest output:

European security & defence

  • Accountability in EU security and defence (book)
  • Hard Power Europe? – taking stock of the European defence policy (article)
  • A French perspective on the legality of the use of force (book chapter; German)

COVID-19

  • Comparative study on the resilience of European constitutional systems to the COVID-19 pandemic (article)
  • The French reponse to COVID-19 – centralized executive governance under the emergency label (report)

Recent Publications

  • Accountability in EU Security and Defence—The Law and Practice of Peacebuilding. Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2020, 336 p. available on the OUP website
  • Reviewed  by Luigi Lonardo, Journal of Common Market Studies 6, 1636-1637 (2020)

  • The CJEU and EU (de-)constitutionalization—unpacking jurisprudential responses. In: International Journal of Constitutional Law - (-), forthcoming (with Berthold Rittberger). Working Paper version
  • Constitutions and Contagion – European Constitutional Systems and the COVID-19 Pandemic. In: Heidelberg Journal of International Law (HJIL) 1, 147-234 (2021). Open access version
  • Loin de l’Union, loin des juges?—Sur les voies de recours juridictionnelles dans le cadre des activités de sécurité et de défense extraterritoriales de l’Union européenne. In: Rechtsweggarantie im vergleichenden Verwaltungsrecht, Layla Kristina Jaber, Stefanie Lüer, Anne-Marie Thévenot-Werner (eds.). Schwarze Reihe. Springer, Heidelberg 2021, 215-240. Springer online
  • Accountability and added value in EU security and defence activities. In: ECA Journal 3, 184-187 (2020). ECA issue 'Realising European added value'
  • France. In: A Human Rights and Rule of Law Assessment of Legislative and Regulatory Responses to the COVID-19 Pandemic across 27 Jurisdictions. Bonavero Report No. 7. Bonavero Institute of Human Rights, Oxford 2020, 163-176. Open access version
  • Hard Power Europe? In: Heidelberg Journal of International Law (HJIL) 1, 1-12 (2020). Open access version (PDF, 129.6 KB)
  • Accountability in a multi-jurisdictional order. In: Controlling EU Agencies. The Rule of Law in a Multi-jurisdictional Legal Order, Mira Scholten, Alex Brenninkmeijer (eds.). Edward Elgar, Cheltenham 2020, 60-79 (with Gijs Jan Brandsma). available on the EE website
  • Frieden durch Recht aus französischer Perspektive. In: Frieden durch Recht. Rechtstraditionen und Verortungen, Sarah Jäger, Wolfgang S. Heinz (eds.). Springer, Wiesbaden 2020, 92-120. SpringerLink
  • The Legal Framework of the OSCE. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2019, 374 p. (editor with Mateja Steinbrück Platise, Anne Peters). available on CUP the website
  • Conceptualising accountability in the legal and institutional framework of the OSCE. In: The Legal Framework of the OSCE, Mateja Steinbrück Platise, Carolyn Moser, Anne Peters (eds.). Cambridge University Press, Cambridge 2019, 273-293.
  • Legal uncertainty and indeterminacy—immutable characteristics of the OSCE?. In: The Legal Framework of the OSCE, Mateja Steinbrück Platise, Carolyn Moser, Anne Peters (eds.). Cambridge University Press, Cambridge 2019, 3-25 (with Anne Peters).
  • The legal framework of the OSCE—an interdisciplinary inquiry. In: MPS Research report 2018. Max Planck Society, Munich 2019 (with Anne Peters, Mateja Steinbrück Platise). Open access version (German)
  • Bring claims if you can—On the intricate arrangements for claims arising from extraterritorial EU security and defence activities. In: ZaöRV 3, 575-579 (2018). Open access version
  • EU Civilian Crisis Management—Law and Practice of Accountability. -, Utrecht/Heidelberg, 2018, 336 p. Open access version
  • ¿Union de droit, Union de sécurité? Sobre la interacción entre actuación interior y exterior respecto a los valores y normas de la UE. In: La jurisdicción constitucional en la tutela de los Derechos Funda-mentales de la Unión Europea, J.I. Ugartemendia/ A. Saiz Arnaiz/ M. Morales Antoniazzi (ed.). Instituto Vasco de Administración Pública; MPIL, Oñati 2017, 91-130.
  • Peace—Europe's Polyphonic Promise. In: MaxPlanckResearch 2, 10-15 (2015). Open access version
  • Revisiting the Union’s Common Security and Defence Policy: novel approaches and complementary insights. In: Public Administration 93 (1), 255-261 (2015). doi: 10.1111/padm.12150. available on the Wiley website
  • Conflict of interests of government members and the risk of corruption: An assessment of pre-revolutionary Tunisia and Egypt. In: Corruption and Conflict of Interests; A Comparative Law Approach, J.-B. Auby/ E. Breen/ T. Perroud (ed.). Edward Elgar, Cheltenham 2014, 124-138. available on the EE website

Blogposts

  • Eine kurze Einführung in Frontex. Newsroom of the Max Planck Society, focus section '25 years Schengen area'; updated, enlarged and translated version of the Verfassungsblog post dated 3 February 2020, 20.03.2020. Website of the Max Planck Society
  • Frontex goes Africa: On Pre-emptive Border Control and Migration Management. Verfassunsblog, symposium 'Frontex—A Rising Star of Declining Europe?', 06.02.2020 (with Rabia Ferahkaya, Lukas Märtin). verfassungsblog.com
  • A very short introduction to Frontex—unravelling the trajectory of one of the EU’s key actors. Verfassunsblog, symposium 'Frontex—A Rising Star of Declining Europe?', 03.02.2020. verfassungsblog.com
  • Integrating Contrasting Approaches: Civil–Military Cooperation in CSDP. PeaceLab, 07.01.2020. peacelab.blog
  • Two Become One? On the Civil–Military Amalgamation of the CSDP. Verfassungsblog, 30.03.2019. verfassungsblog.com
  • Curtailing (informal) power—accountability lessons from the civilian dimension of EU security and defence. EU Law Enforcement, 31.03.2018. www.eulawenforcement.com
  • Awakening dormant law—or the invocation of the European mutual assistance clause after the Paris attacks. Verfassungsblog, 18.11.2015, also published on www.voelkerrechtsblog.com. www.verfassungsblog.com
  • French Constitutional Council puts an end to the plurality of offices, 12.3.2014. www.verfassungsblog.com

Working Papers

  • The CJEU and EU (De)constitutionalization—Unpacking Jurisprudential Strategies. MPIL Research Paper No. 2021-09, 2021 (with Berthold Rittberger). MPIL Research Paper No. 2021-09
  • Constitutions and Contagion. European Constitutional Systems and the COVID-19 Pandemic. MPIL Research Paper Series, 2020 (with Angelo Golia, Laura Hering, Tom Sparks). MPIL Research Paper No. 2020-42
  • Loin de l’Union, loin des juges? Sur les voies de recours juridictionnelles dans le cadre des activités de sécurité et de défense extraterritoriales de l’Union européenne (Out of the EU, Out of Judicial Reach? On the Means of Recourse in the Context of the Union’s Extraterritorial Security and Defence Activities). MPIL Research Paper Series, 2020. MPIL Research Paper No. 2020-12
  • Reparation for Victims of Armed Conflict: Impulses from the Max Planck Trialogues. MPIL Research Paper Series, 2018 (with Christian Marxsen, Anne Peters, et alii). MPIL Research Paper No. 2018-19
  • Conceptualising accountability in the legal and institutional framework of the OSCE. MPIL Research Paper Series, 2018. MPIL Research Paper No. 2018-17
  • Legal uncertainty and indeterminacy—immutable characteristics of the OSCE?. MPIL Research Paper Series, 2018. MPIL Research Paper No. 2018-16

Media

    Global (dis)order and International Law

    Watch the video on the MPIL's Youtube channel
    (own input starting at 29'20)

    Panel discussion (in German language) with Carlo Masala (Bundeswehr University, Munich), Anne Peters (MPIL) and Christian Marxsen (MPIL) about the legal and political parameters of German foreign and security policy, and the challenges in this policy field the German goverment resulting from the 2021 general elections is likely to face.

    Europe and its migration and border management

    Interview with the Swiss Broadcasting Corporation (SRF) on migration, border control and in particular Frontex, streamed on 3 June 2021 and available as podcast

    The unsettled post-Brexit Legal Status of the EU and its Representatives in the UK

    Watch the video on the MPIL's Youtube channel

    Only three weeks after the Trade and Cooperation Agreement between the EU and the UK provisionally came into force on 1st January 2021, hence sealing the UK–EU divorce, we could already witness the first post-Brexit diplomatic incident. Indeed, as became public on 21st January 2021 London refused to confer the EU’s delegation to the UK—including its ambassador, João Vale de Almeida—the diplomatic status offered by the 1961 Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations. Instead, the UK said it would classify the EU as an international organization, implying that the Union’s representatives would enjoy more restricted privileges and immunities. The EU, in response, posited that the Union was not a typical international organization and should therefore, in line with well-established international practice, receive a distinctive treatment when it comes to diplomatic status questions. In light of these developments, Dr Carolyn Moser, first rehashes the basics of diplomatic privileges and immunities, then sheds light on the Union’s international role and subsequent diplomatic status, and finally discusses the UK’s legal stance on the matter.

    Nota bene: On 5th May 2021 it was announced that the UK had eventually accorded the EU's head of mission a diplomatic status in accordance with the Vienna Convention, that is the one of a state representative.

    COVID-19 and the French Constitutional System

    Watch the video on the MPIL's Youtube channel

    In this video, Dr Carolyn Moser analyses the way in which the French authorities dealt with the pandemic, with a focus on the first wave. Next to sketching out the regulatory and legislative response of the French institutions to COVID-19, in particular the novel state of health emergency, she also discusses matters of democratic accountability and judicial review. She shows how and why the health emergency caused by the coronavirus has reconfirmed some of the Republic’s most central constitutional patterns and legal traditions, namely centralization, executive governance with limited parliamentary involvement, and administrative courts acting as guardians of individual freedoms.

    Unsere fremden Grenzen. Europas Türsteher am Rande der Sahara

    Interviewee, radio feature (in German language) by Christian Jakob, RBB Kultur, 16.12.2020, audio recording

    Das Völkerrecht—Spielregeln gegen die globale Unordnung

    Contributor to a radio programme on the international law and politics edited by Brigitte Voykowitsch [in German], ORF Radiokolleg, 24 – 27 February 2020

Presentations

21 Sep 2021

Global (dis)order and International Law

Panellist, together with Carlo Masala (Bundeswehr Uni, Munich), Anne Peters (MPIL) and Christian Marxsen (MPIL)

Digital

09 Sep 2021

Unpacking the significance of the Solidraity Clause for EU disaster relief

Keynote speaker on the panel "Capability Development for the EU’s Civil Protection and the Solidarity Clause: Integrating the Military" at the Interparliamentary Conference for the CFSP/CSDP

Online

A video recording of the talk available here (at 2:20)

07 Apr 2021

Shifting Borders in the Time of COVID-19

Panel discussion with Ayelet Shachar, Kamal Sadiq, Derek Denman and Willem Maas on the phenomenon of mobile and functional borders at the 2021 ISA Annual Convention

Online

09 Dec 2020

Grenzenlos? Vom Recht und Kontext der EU-Sicherheitspolitik

Talk (in German language) given in the context of a lecture cycle on migration and refugee law of the Refugee Law Clinic Würzburg e.V., University of Würzburg (D)

Online format

27 Nov 2020

Constitutional repercussions of COVID-19. Some insights from Europe

Discussion of the paper "Constitutions and Contagion. European Constitutional Systems and the COVID-19 Pandemic" (Golia, Hering, Moser & Sparks) in the Working Group "Constitutionalism and Politics", European University Institute

Online seminar

19 Jun 2020

Has EU constitutionalization run its course?

Paper given together with Berthold Rittberger at the workshop 'Emergency politics' (WZB Berlin)

Web-Conference

11 Jun 2020

Armed drones and international law

'Heidelberger Salon' with political representatives, legal scholars, and members of civil society organizations [in German]

Webinar

Video recording (in German)

25 Oct 2019

What Legal Framework for the OSCE? A Book Launch Conversation

Panel discussion with Nils Blokker, Cornelius von Friesendorf, Jan Klabbers and Carolyn Moser

Berlin

27 Jun 2019

Lifting Pooling and Sharing to a Higher Level: The European Air Transport Command

Presentation given at the 3rd Annual Conference of the European Initiative on Security Studies (EISS)

Sciences Po, Paris

17 Jun 2019

The External Dimension of EU Migration Control—A Security Perspective

Invited talk at a conference of the Research Initiative on Migration of the Max Planck Society 'The Challenges of Migration and Integration'

Munich

25 Apr 2019

Feinde, Freunde, Familie? Der Vertrag von Aachen und der Stand der deutsch-französischen Beziehungen

Invited talk (in German language) on Franco-German relations, Heidelberger Kreis

Heidelberg

18 Jan 2019

From safe distance to de facto convergence—Revisiting the civil-military nexus in EU security and defence

Presentation at the workshop 'The European Union’s "New Defence Policy": European Military Integration in an Interdisciplinary Perspective', Justus Liebig University

Gießen

14 Sep 2018

Ist Krieg ein Weg zum Frieden?

Panelist in a discussion round organized on the occasion of the Open Day of the MPIL

Heidelberg

08 Sep 2018

Loin de l’Union, loin des juges ?—Sur les voies de recours juridictionnelles dans le cadre d’activités de sécurité et de défense extraterritoriales de l’UE

Presentation at the Franco-German colloquium ‘Le droit à un recours effectif – regards croisés’, Université Paris 2

Paris

01 Feb 2018

EU security and defence activities off the Libyan coast and the question of international responsibility

Talk at the Odysseus Annual Conference 'Conflict and Compromise—Between Law and Politics in EU Migration and Asylum Policies'

Brussels

Video recording of the talk

09 Nov 2016

EU civilian crisis management: a realm of executive governance and hidden agencification

Paper presented at the 'Young Researchers Master Class on Agencification of EU executive governance'

Fiesole

13 Jul 2016

The accountability imperative for the OSCE—a legal-institutional perspective

Paper given at the conference 'Between Aspirations and Realities: Strengthening the Legal Framework of the OSCE'

Berlin

07 Sep 2015

Practice what you preach? A critical assessment of EU civilian crisis management

Paper given at the UACES 45th Annual Conference

Bilbao

01 Jun 2015

Securitization of immigration

Presentation (together with Anuscheh Farahat) at the Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law

Heidelberg

13 Feb 2015

Public international law—a guarantor of peace, security and justice?

Talk (in German language) given in the context of the 2014/15 Theme Concert series jointly organized by the Bayrische Staatsoper and the Max Planck Society

Munich

MOSER_Vortrag_Themenkonzert_13.2.2015_dt.pdf (144.3 KB)

01 Dec 2014

Good cop, bad press? Shedding light on recent corruption allegations surrounding the European Union's rule of law mission EULEX to Kosovo

Presentation at the Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law

Heidelberg

10 Nov 2014

EU civilian crisis management and accountability—some preliminary findings

Paper given at the 'NewGen Accountability Workshop' held by the Utrecht University School of Governance

Utrecht

01 May 2014

Grotius and the European Action at the Horn of Africa

Presentation at the Masterclass 'Critical Studies of International Law' with Professor Martti Koskenniemi

Heidelberg

13 Dec 2013

'Accountability' as a conceptual framework for interdisciplinary research with a view on civilian CSDP

Paper given at the 'Accountability Workshop' held by the Utrecht University School of Governance

Utrecht

Teaching

Summer Term 2021

International Law Colloquium

Weekly seminar on current developments in International Law, MPIL | Law Faculty, University of Heidelberg, convener (together with Dr Isabelle Ley and Dr Erin Pobjie)

Summer Term 2021

European Union Law

Lecture (24h) for graduate students, Law Faculty | Political Science Faculty, University of Trier

Winter Term 2020

Architecture juridique du système international

Lecture (24h) for master students, Faculté de droit, Université Catholique de Lille

Summer Term 2020

European Union Law

Lecture (24h) for graduate students, Law Faculty | Political Science Faculty, University of Trier

Winter Term 2019

Architecture juridique du système international

Lecture (24h) for master students, Faculté de droit, Université Catholique de Lille

Summer Term 2019

Von Elysée bis Aachen—eine völkerrechtliche Perspektive auf die deutsch-französischen Beziehungen seit dem 2. Weltkrieg

Colloquium 'Current Developments of International Law', Law Faculty, University of Heidelberg, 13.05.2019

Winter Term 2018

Architecture juridique du système international

Lecture (24h) for master students, Faculté de droit, Université Catholique de Lille

Summer Term 2018

Der VN-Sicherheitsrat als Friedenswächter

Together with Dr. Christian Marxsen, Colloquium 'Current Developments in International Law', Law Faculty, University of Heidelberg, 07.05.2018

Spring 2018

The UN Security Council as a Guarantor of Peace

Together with Dr. Raffaela Kunz and Dr. Christian Marxsen, German-Chinese Seminar on International Law, German Foreign Office, Berlin, 19.03.2018

Winter Term 2017

Fighting corruption, improving public governance—an international law perspective

ITLOS-programme, Heidelberg, 23.11.2017

Summer Term 2017

International Anti-Corruption Law: Theory and Practice

Colloquium 'Current Developments of International Law', Law Faculty, University of Heidelberg, 10.07.2017

Summer Term 2017

Security and defence—from laggard to frontrunner of European integration?

Elsa spring conference, Law Faculty, University of Freiburg (D), 27.5.2017

Winter Term 2016

Peace-keeping operations. Past trajectory and future challenges

ITLOS-programme, Heidelberg, 13.12.2016

Summer Term 2015

Peace keeping quo vadis?

Colloquium 'Current Developments of International Law', Law Faculty, University of Heidelberg, 18.05.2015

SS 2012/ WS 2012-13

Français juridique

Seminar for LL.M.-students, Law Faculty, University of Basel

Participation in Conferences at Home and Abroad

ISA 2021 Annual Convention, Discussant in the panel on 'Shifting Borders in the Time of Covid-19', Online, 07.04.2021 - 07.04.2021

'The transnational politics of emergency', online workshop, speaker, WZB Berlin, 19.06.2020

'What Legal Framework for the OSCE?', a Book Launch Conversation with Nils Blokker, Cornelius von Friesendorf, Jan Klabbers and Carolyn Moser, Panel Chair, Berlin , 25.10.2019

ESIL Annual Conference, participant, Athens, 12.09.2019 - 14.09.2019

European Initiative on Security Studies (EISS), 3rd Annual Conference, speaker, Sciences Po, Paris, 27.06.2019 - 28.06.2019

'Areas of Exclusion'-conference of the Research Initiative on Migration (WiMi) of the Max Planck Society, Max Planck Institute for Social Law and Social Policy, Munich, 17.06.2019

Workshop 'The European Union’s "New Defence Policy": European Military Integration in an Interdisciplinary Perspective', speaker, Justus Liebig University, Gießen, 17.01.2019 - 18.01.2019

'Max Planck Trialogue Workshop on the Law of Peace and War – Vol. IV: Intervention by Invitation', participant, Heidelberg, 08.11.2018 - 09.11.2018

'Le traité de Versailles. Regards franco-allemands en droit international à l'occasion du centenaire', participant, Strasbourg, 28.09.2018 - 29.09.2018

Franco-German colloquium 'Le droit à un recours effectif—regards croisés', presenter, Paris, 07.09.2018 - 08.09.2018

'Warum befolgen wir Recht? Rechtsverbindlichkeit und Rechtsbefolgung in interdisziplinärer Perspektive', participant, Heidelberg, 26.03.2018 - 27.03.2018

RENFORCE guest lecture by Dr. Florin Coman Kund on the new legal framework for Europol's international exchanges of data, commentator , Utrecht, 05.02.2018

'Conflict and Compromise—Between Law and Politics in EU Migration and Asylum Policies', Odysseus Annual Conference, speaker in the panel 'International Responsibility for the Cooperation of the EU and its Members States with the Libyan Coastguards?', Brussels, 01.02.2018

'Max Planck Trialogue Workshop on the Law of Peace and War—Vol. III: Reparations for Victims of Armed Conflict', participant, Berlin, 10.11.2017 - 11.11.2017

'The Politicization of Europe: Transnational Solidarity Conflicts and the Changing Structure of Economic Governance in the EU', Panel discussion with Anuscheh Farahat, Marius Hildebrand and Mark Dawson, participant, Berlin, 09.11.2017

'Constitutionality, powers and legitimacy of EU agencies or agency-like bodies', participant, Fiesole, 10.11.2016 - 11.11.2016

'Between Aspirations and Realities: Strengthening the Legal Framework of the OSCE', convener (together with Anne Peters and Mateja Steinbrück Platise), Berlin, 13.07.2016

PhD@maxlaw Workshop ‘16, 2nd Max Planck Young Legal Scholars’ Meeting, presenter (poster presentation), Hamburg, 12.05.2016 - 13.05.2016

UACES 45th Annual Conference, chair of the panel 'Transparency and Accountability in EU Decision‐making', Bilbao, 07.09.2015 - 09.09.2015

'Apprendre à repenser le droit international'—Masterclass with Professor Emmanuelle Tourme-Jouannet, discussant, Heidelberg, 04.05.2015 - 06.05.2015

'NewGen Accountability Workshop' held by the Utrecht University School of Governance, presenter, Utrecht, 10.11.2014

'Cricital Studies of International Law'—Masterclass with Professor Martti Koskenniemi, presenter, Heidelberg, 29.04.2014 - 02.05.2014

'Gagner la paix : Approches vers une solution durable au Mali', colloque, participant, Berlin, 31.01.2014

'Rule of Law and Accountability in Peacekeeping'—German Peace Operations Research Workshop 2014, jointly organized by DGVN, FES and ZIF, participant, Berlin, 28.01.2014

'Good Accountability (and Governance) Workshop - New International Perspectives on Accountability at the USG', presenter, Utrecht, 13.12.2013

'Towards A Global History of International Law' (Institute for Advanced Study), workshop, participant, Berlin, 01.02.2013

20th OSCE Economic and Environmental Forum—'Promoting Security and Stability through Good Governance', rapporteur, Prague, 12.09.2012 - 14.09.2012

Third Summer Academy Freiburg on the 'Dynamics of institutional change under the EU's toolkit of conditionality—Judicial reform and fighting corruption in Eastern Europe, the Western Balkans and Turkey', panel chair, Freiburg (D), 31.08.2012 - 03.09.2012

Honours

  • 2020 | European Court of Auditors Award for research into public sector auditing with a focus on 'EU added value' for the book Accountability in EU Security and Defence (OUP, 2020)
  • 2019 | Otto Hahn Medal of the Max Planck Society for an outstanding interdisciplinary PhD thesis defended in 2018
  • 2019–2022 | Minerva Fast Track Fellowship by the Max Planck Society (Humanities Section)
  • 2019–2022 | Research Fellowship at the Institute for European Integration (Hamburg)

 

Miscellaneous

  • 2018–2021 | Elected representative of the institute's researchers at the level of the Max Planck Society
  • Since 2014 | Coordinator of the Forum francophone, the French-speaking academic discussion group at the Max Planck Institute